India, as part of turning its ‘Look East Policy’ into an ‘Act East Policy’, will work closely with ASEAN to realise its goals. ASEAN is at the core of India’s Act East Policy and at the centre of our dream of an Asian century.
Anil Wadhwa, Secretary (East), Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India, while addressing the Run Up event on ASEAN India Cooperation in Food Security, Agriculture Technology And Food Engineering for Delhi Dialogue VII, in Mumbai today made this observation.
From (L-R): Pooja Kapur, Joint Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India; Vijay Kalantri, President, All India Association of Industries and Vice Chairman, MVIRDC World Trade Centre Mumbai and Anil Wadhwa Secretary (East), Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India during the Run up Event for Delhi Dialogue VII jointly organised by the All India Association of Industries and MVIRDC World Trade Centre Mumbai in association with the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India on February 12, 2015 at World Trade Centre Mumbai.
Referring to ASEAN India cooperation in agriculture and forestry, Wadhwa said that the sector formed an important part of the collaborative agenda between ASEAN and India. The Visions Statement adopted during the 2012 Commemorative Summit recognized the need to ensure long-term food security in the region and he welcomed the efforts to strengthen cooperation in the agriculture sector between ASEAN and India. During the last ASEAN-India summit in November 2014 at Nay Pyi Taw, the President of Myanmar floated the idea of having a regional food mechanism. ASEAN and India will intensify their collaborative efforts towards this end, according to an official statement.
Recognising that agriculture and food security is one of the key components of a nation’s overall growth plan, Wadhwa emphasised that it was not just the growth in GDP but the ability to ensure food and nutrition security at affordable and stable prices in an ecologically sustainable paradigm that was fundamental to long term global peace and stability. ‘Agriculture is particularly important in the context of our region as most of our population depend on it for survival’, Wadhwa pointed out.
Highlighting the importance of agriculture for ASEAN, Wadhwa said that majority of ASEAN countries were agrarian economies and relying heavily on the agro food sector for economic growth, trade and investments. A number of ASEAN countries are among the top exporters globally for products like rise, fruits, vegetables and coffee and the region is also the global leader in industrial crop such as palm oil, rubber, cashew nuts and pepper. Further ASEAN and India face similar challenges in agriculture such as shrinking land base, dwindling water resource, shortage of farm labour and increasing cost and uncertainties associated with volatility in international markets.
Wadhwa stressed that diversification towards higher value crops and livestock remains the best way not only to improve farm incomes and accelerate growth, but also to reduce stress on natural resource which forms the farmer’s production base. The challenges are common to the region and their impact often cuts national borders. This calls for close cooperation between our countries to tackle such issues effectively.
Indian and ASEAN have, so far identified four components for cooperation, the first of which is enhancing co-operation in key areas for mutual interest to improve productivity and meet the challenges of food security. Both ASEAN and India are also involved in capacity building, technology transfer and joint R&D. Last but not the least opportunities are provided for farmers from ASEAN countries and India to learn and develop more efficient farming practices and management skills through information sharing via exchange programmes that are funded under the ASEAN India Cooperation Fund, Wadhwa said.
In his welcome address Vijay Kalantri, President All India Association of Industries and Vice Chairman World Trade Centre, Mumbai said that over two decades of India and ASEAN Dialogue Relations have intensified our mutual relations and understating and contributed to enhanced regional development, peace, stability and security in the region. “ASEAN and India must work together to ensure food security in the region and ensure active trading and easy accessibility of Asia’s main staple-rice. Further, ASEAN and India can successfully co-operate in many areas of agriculture. Both need to promote and intensify cooperation by exchange of information and technology, research and development projects and strengthening human resources development. More importantly, yields and resource used efficiency must go up. With resource such as water, energy and labour becoming scarcer it is paramount to produce more with less. There is little doubt that we need to come up with a more sustainable and environment friendly way of growing foods. ASEAN India joint efforts need to concentrate in some of these aspects in order to build sustainable agri and eco syste”, Kalantri added.
Other speakers who addressed the event included Dr. Ashok K Vishandass, Chairman, Commission for agriculture costs and Prices Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India; Dr. Asmi Raza Professor of Economics, University of Delhi and Prasant Kumar Satapathy, Deputy General Manager, (General/Quality Control) Institute of Food Security, Food Corporation of India.